Corticosteroid therapy for cardiac sarcoidosis a systematic review

Patients requiring oral corticosteroids should be weaned slowly from systemic corticosteroid use after transferring to Advair Diskus. Prednisone reduction can be accomplished by reducing the daily prednisone dose by mg on a weekly basis during therapy with Advair Diskus. Lung function (mean forced expiratory volume in 1 second [FEV 1 ] or morning peak expiratory flow [AM PEF]), beta-agonist use, and asthma symptoms should be carefully monitored during withdrawal of oral corticosteroids. In addition, patients should be observed for signs and symptoms of adrenal insufficiency, such as fatigue, lassitude, weakness, nausea and vomiting, and hypotension.

REFERENCES:
Committee Opinion Committee on Obstetric Practice Number 210, October 1998 Antenatal Corticosteroid Therapy for Fetal Maturation
2. NIH Consensus Statement Effect of Corticosteroids for Fetal Maturation on Perinatal Outcomes1994 Feb 28-Mar 2;12(2):1-24
3. Morrison JC, Whybrew WD, Bucovaz ET, Schneider JM. Injection of corticosteroids into mother to prevent neonatal respiratory distress syndrome. Am J Obstet Gynecol 131:358,1978. MEDLINE
4. Morrison JC, Schneider JM, Whybrew WD, Bucovaz ET. Effect of corticosteroids and Fetomaternal disorders on the L:S ratio. Obstet Gynecol 56:583, 1980 MEDLINE Please review the Disclaimer before using this site. Copyright © 2000-2008 by Focus Information Technology.
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Created: 11/30/2002
Update: 11/30/2002
Update: 4/15/2008

Corticosteroids have been used as drug treatment for some time. Lewis Sarett of Merck & Co. was the first to synthesize cortisone, using a complicated 36-step process that started with deoxycholic acid, which was extracted from ox bile . [43] The low efficiency of converting deoxycholic acid into cortisone led to a cost of US $200 per gram. Russell Marker , at Syntex , discovered a much cheaper and more convenient starting material, diosgenin from wild Mexican yams . His conversion of diosgenin into progesterone by a four-step process now known as Marker degradation was an important step in mass production of all steroidal hormones, including cortisone and chemicals used in hormonal contraception . [44] In 1952, . Peterson and . Murray of Upjohn developed a process that used Rhizopus mold to oxidize progesterone into a compound that was readily converted to cortisone. [45] The ability to cheaply synthesize large quantities of cortisone from the diosgenin in yams resulted in a rapid drop in price to US $6 per gram, falling to $ per gram by 1980. Percy Julian's research also aided progress in the field. [46] The exact nature of cortisone's anti-inflammatory action remained a mystery for years after, however, until the leukocyte adhesion cascade and the role of phospholipase A2 in the production of prostaglandins and leukotrienes was fully understood in the early 1980s.

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  • Citation tools Download this article to citation manager Crawshaw Dickon P , Helliwell Philip S , Hensor Elizabeth M A , Hay Elaine M , Aldous Simon J , Conaghan Philip G et al. Exercise therapy after corticosteroid injection for moderate to severe shoulder pain: large pragmatic randomised trial BMJ 2010; 340 :c3037
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    Corticosteroid therapy for cardiac sarcoidosis a systematic review

    corticosteroid therapy for cardiac sarcoidosis a systematic review

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  • Citation tools Download this article to citation manager Crawshaw Dickon P , Helliwell Philip S , Hensor Elizabeth M A , Hay Elaine M , Aldous Simon J , Conaghan Philip G et al. Exercise therapy after corticosteroid injection for moderate to severe shoulder pain: large pragmatic randomised trial BMJ 2010; 340 :c3037
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